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Headlands and Bays form when a soft rock (e.g:Clay) is surrounded by a hard rock ( e.g: chalk). Processes such as abrasion occur and the soft rock will get worn away a lot quicker than the harder rock. Then the hard rock sticks out and this is a headland. The bay is attacked by weaker waves as the water is shallower, and eventually the harder rock will wear down and the process will begin again.