Setting & Social Context
Setting & Social Context
In some exams, you may find that the setting and social context of a passage are made explicit to you in the opening notes. In such a case, it is clearly important that you consider this information. Rely on the simple rule that anything the examiner chooses to tell you, must be important.
However, you can't always guarantee that the setting and social context will be made that explicit. In this section, we will discuss guidelines to bear in mind when considering the context of the passage.
The setting of a play is not necessarily important. Sometimes the playwright will make little or no reference to the location where a scene is set. It is not the setting which is significant, the setting is merely a vehicle for the scene.
Theatre groups often interpret the setting of a scene very differently. Their own interpretation of the setting can influence the audience's perception of the events. In an exam focusing on the text itself, that is not so important, unless the question asks you to consider a setting for the scene.
As is mentioned in the introduction, the examiner may choose to include notes regarding the setting and social context. In this circumstance you must think about how they influence the character's actions and what environment they create on stage.
For example, if the scene involves two characters arguing in a pub, then there are different issues to consider than if the setting was a funeral. Similarly, if a Victorian daughter character is arguing vehemently with her father, then there are different issues than for a modern family.
You are not social historians in this exam, and so your main focus is on the text itself, but acknowledging the social context where appropriate will help raise your marks.
You should use your awareness of the social context to inform your understanding of the characters and events. Does the setting help to place the events ina particular social context such as a palace, a bar, a kitchen, a shop, a church, or an office, for example.
The use of symbolism within the setting is easier to notice when looking at a whole text. For example, in Ibsen's "Doll's House" the Christmas tree doesn't merely show the time of the year.
Its change in appearance and events that take place at the tree help the audience to understand Nora's situation. It symbolises the situation of the family. This is something that the audience can appreciate during the course of the play.
Given only one extract, setting and symbolism can be harder to appreciate.The examiner is aware of this. If an object is referred to explicitly in the text, then it is worth considering whether it represents something significant.
It may be a particular belonging of another character.
The way people speak in a scene can be a clear indication of the social context.
There may be two characters from different backgrounds in the scene.