Gender: Links to the past

Gender: Links to the past

Can we make any links between the historical outline of the nature of education for girls and women to present day concerns in the sociology of education?

In the following brief comments, you can see how many of the historical assumptions made concerning the education of girls have present day consequences:

Ann Oakley, Sex Gender and Society 1975.

Points out the differential socialisation of boys and girls.

M. Eichler, The Double Standard 1980.

Girls socialised into roles that encourage them to be quiet, gentle, caring and non-aggressive.

F. Norman, Just a Bunch of Girls, 1988.

Children's play and toys establish their attitudes and aspirations. This reinforces a woman's traditional role of wife/mother/home builder.

Gender: Links to the past

M. Scott, Teach Her a Lesson, 1980.

Suggests science is seen as masculine. Girls don't study sciences because they cannot identify with them.

B. Licht & C. Dweck, Sex Differences in Achievement Orientations, 1983.

Girls explain academic success as luck.

D. Spender, Invisible Women, 1983.

Schools are patriarchal, male dominated institutions. Male ideas are taught. The knowledge taught is male.

M. Stanworth, Gender & Schooling, 1983.

Teachers view different futures for boys and girls and as a result direct them to different programmes of study.