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Quarrying is one of the biggest industries in the areas where granite, limestone, chalk and clay are found. Unfortunately these areas are, in many cases, also areas of great natural beauty and often part of a National Park. There are therefore many positive and negative impacts of quarrying.

Advantages Disadvantages
Quarries provide much needed employment opportunities in areas where jobs are often hard to come by. Noise pollution from the blasting needed to extract rock.
The increased income means that more money is likely to be put into the local economy. Visual pollution from the quarry pit itself, as well as the buildings and slag heaps.
The increase of industry and need for access for large lorries may lead to infrastructure (roads mainly) improvements. Dust pollution from the rock blasting.
Good landscaping of the quarry site once it has been exhausted could enhance the area's natural beauty further. Noise and dust pollution from the many heavy lorries that will be travelling to and from the quarry every day. These lorries may also block country roads and damage wildlife.
Pollutants from the quarry can run-off into the local rivers and cause problems for local people and wildlife.
Wildlife habitats are initially lost when the quarry opens.

  • Trains could be used instead of lorries, which would cut down the traffic and damage to roads.
  • Landscaping could be used during quarrying to diminish the visual scar, and also once quarrying has been completed, to try to return the area to nature as best as possible.
  • The quarry could be restricted in size, so that it does not engulf the surrounding area.
  • Lines of trees can be used to reduce noise pollution and try to improve the look of the area.