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There is a group of special verbs called modal verbs. They are usually used with another verb. The second verb remains in the infinitive and goes to the end of the sentence or clause.

Here are the verbs:

dürfen: können: müssen: sollen: wollen:
To be allowed to To be able to, can To have to, must To be meant to, ought to To want
ich darf kann muss soll will
du darfst kannst musst sollst willst
er / ie / es darf kann muss soll will
wir dürfen können müssen sollen wollen
ihr dürft könnt müsst sollt wollt
Sie / sie dürfen kök;nnen müssen sollen wollen

Ich möchte (I would like) works like a modal verb and sends the infinitive to the end of the sentence or clause.

For example: Ich möchte einen Kuchen kaufen. = I would like to buy a cake.

Ich darf nach Hause gehen = I may go home.

Ich kann meine Hausaufgaben nicht machen = I cannot do my homework.

Separable verbs are made up of two parts. There is the main verb and then there is a bit stuck on the beginning of the verb (a prefix), which does different things, depending on the tense.

For example: ankommen = to arrive

Present tense:

Der Bus kommt um neun Uhr an. (The bus arrives at 9 o 'clock). The prefix goes to the end.

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Some verbs are used when talking about doing something to 'oneself' - for example, I wash myself, I dress myself. The reflexive pronoun ('mich', 'dich', etc.) changes according to the subject of the verb.

Here is an example of a reflexive verb:

sich waschen to wash oneself
ich wasche mich I wash myself
du wäschst dich you wash yourself (familiar singular)
er wäscht sich he washes himself
ie wäscht sich she washes herself
es wäscht sich it washes itself
wir waschen uns we wash ourselves
ihr wascht euch you wash yourself (familiar plural)
sie waschen sich you wash yourself (formal)
sie waschen sich they wash themselves

If you want to ask a question using a reflexive verb, look at the word order:

Freust du dich auf die Sommerferien?

Here are some other reflexive verbs:

sich anziehen to dress oneself
sich fühlen to feel
sich umziehen to get changed
sich entschuldigen to excuse oneself
sich langweilen to be / get bored
sich setzen to sit down
sich amüsieren to enjoy oneself
sich freuen auf + acc to look forward to

The good thing about reflexive verbs is that they all take 'haben' in the perfect tense, so you don't have to worry about that. In order to remember where to put the reflexive pronoun ('sich', etc.), remember that it always goes immediately after 'haben'.

For example: Ich habe mich heute fr¨ewaschen.

Note: If you want to say 'I brush my hair', 'I clean my teeth', the reflexive pronouns are different for 'Ich' and 'Du'. You need to think of it as doing these things to yourself, so you are using dative reflexive pronouns.

For example:

Ich bürste mir die Haare.

Du putzt dir die Zähne.

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