S-Cool Revision Summary

S-Cool Revision Summary

A person's size, weight and shape (somatotype) can be a contributing factor as to which sports they participate in.

The tree types are endomorph, mesomorph and ectomorph.

Endomorph - Narrow shoulders, wide hips, large head, fat on arms and legs, lots of body fat.
Mesomorph - Broad shoulders, narrow hips, square head, muscular arms and legs, small amounts of body fat.
Ectomorph - Narrow shoulders and hips thin face, high forehead, thin arms and legs little muscle, small amounts of body fat.

Being tall is important for volleyball players and high-jumpers but a disadvantage in high diving. There are numerous examples of where height and weight are distinct advantages when participating in certain sports or playing a positional role in certain team games.

Body composition is concerned with the ratios of body fat to body muscle to bone to connective tissue. People in sport tend to have a higher muscle to fat ratio and this can be measured using skin fold callipers that measure different amounts of fat in different parts of the body.


The sport and leisure pursuits in which people take part are closely related to their age and local tradition.

Activities with high-energy requirements and output such as rugby are generally associated with younger players while activities that rely on skill rather than physical fitness such as lawn bowls are associated with older people.

There are activities where age does not affect participation such as swimming, walking and playing golf. Age only limits the type of activity.


Ability will limit the level at which an activity is pursued.

Having a high ability in any sport means that there could be increased participation, which in itself can lead to improvement in performance.


Sport for people with disabilities has changed considerably, with governing bodies devising rules and activities suitable for all disabilities.


Fewer females pro rata take part in sport than males.

All the profile of women's sport has continued to grow over the past two or three decades, there are still obvious reasons why sport participation by women still falls short of that of men.


Women are still viewed as the fairer, weaker sex and some sports are deemed too dangerous for them.

Social Attitudes

Victorian attitudes that a woman's place is in the home continue to be prevalent even in today's society.

Role Models

For boys there are many role models in a wide range of sports. There are fewer role models for women.


Sportswomen receive only a fraction of the sponsorship that sportsmen receive.

Media Coverage

There is less media coverage of women's sport than there is of men's sport and so the profile of women in sport continues to remain low.